To provide suitable indoor conditions for humans, a building requires mechanical, electrical and plumbing systems. MEP engineering is the professional field that deals with these building systems, making sure they are designed correctly and according to local building codes. In fact, the word MEP is an acronym with the initials of mechanical, electrical and plumbing systems.
- Mechanical systems accomplish functions such as ventilation, air conditioning, space heating, water heating, and fire protection.
- Electrical systems deliver voltage safely to all devices that run with electricity, including lighting fixtures and home appliances. Since many components of mechanical systems also use electricity, both systems are in constant interaction.
- Plumbing systems ensure the building has a constant supply of potable water while gathering wastewater and removing it through public sewage.
To create a suitable indoor environment for human occupants, you must deliver the right temperature and humidity conditions, along with a constant supply of fresh air. A constant water supply of adequate temperature is required, and there must be an electricity source for modern devices. The job of MEP engineers is to ensure these conditions are achieved in built environments, at an optimal cost and according to code.
MEP engineers combine technical knowledge and computer-based modeling to design mechanical, electrical and plumbing systems. Ideally, MEP systems should accomplish their intended function while minimizing ownership costs – upfront investment, operation, and maintenance.