The construction of an aircraft hangar seems straightforward, but there are specific considerations that you need to know to ensure that the structure serves its purposes. From the assessment of the dimensions, installing proper wiring, and secure accessibility of an aircraft, the decisions you make on these various factors can make a difference. Always remember that aviation projects entail precision and can be a challenging task.
An aircraft hangar should be functional while at the same time offering security and protection for the aircraft and any machinery it houses. In most cases, steel is the initial choice in constructing a hangar due to various benefits such as durability, strength, and weather resistance. When creating and building a steel aircraft hangar, you should consider the structure's sustainability and functionality.
Here are several considerations when constructing an aircraft hangar.
The budget has an important role and setting one is the first step if you plan the construction of an aircraft hangar. The cost of building a steel hangar typically depends on various factors, including the type of roof and aircraft doors. Some often overlook the expenses of the site work and complying with several code requirements. The early review of codes will help with the site planning and estimation.
The designated budget and determining factors that can influence the costs will help you fully understand the type of aircraft hangar that best fits your needs and budget. Depending on the budget you have, companies like World Steel Buildings can help you build the ideal aircraft hangar. They offer versatile hangar building kits where you can find the right one for your needs.
Several factors are crucial when determining the size of your aircraft hangar. Besides the airplanes you have, consider the space necessary to move the aircraft and positioning equipment such as stairs and ramps. Determine the workflow and work area for the maintenance crew during repairs.
When selecting the ideal location for a new aircraft hangar, it might be best to work with an engineering consultant. A hangar near other buildings or hangars, expansive hangars, or one that has a specific purpose might require code-driven fire suppression systems or firewalls that are expensive. Other aspects that can affect the project's budget including the distance of utilities from the hangar, soil stability, and capability to support the structure, the need for demolition, and many more.
While planning out your aircraft hangar, you should carefully map out the electrical requirements and the wiring scheme. Prioritize the accessibility of multiple power outlets since they’re crucial during servicing and maintaining the aircraft. A critical component is to have several outlet banks available throughout the building that connects to columns or permanent scaffolding.
During the designing phase of your hangar, involves defining the accessibility in and out of the hangar. If a hangar accommodates a single plane, the entry and exit points are apparent. As for multi-aircraft hangars, it can be a challenge to guarantee the systematic activity of aircraft in and out of the hangar.
One way to ensure an efficient and open design is to determine the right size of the doors. It would be best to situate the hangar based on the entry and exit points while the door design must maximize the accessibility. When selecting the main hangar door, there are three options you can consider:
- Bi-folding Doors. The doors horizontally split down the center and fold in half during activation. In some types, it forms into an awning when completely open.
- Vertical Lift Doors. Built with two tracks similar to a garage door.
- Sliding Doors. Follow a track that slides sideways.
In terms of affordability, sliding doors are often the best choice, while vertical lift and bi-folding doors boast space-saving features. It would help if you also had personnel doors in the hangar, such as standard or double doors.
Since aircraft hangars endure heavy loads, harsh chemicals, and high abrasion, the proper foundation and flooring are essential considerations. A hangar requires concrete foundations, ideally one with reinforced concrete.
As for the type of flooring, an aircraft hangar requires solid aggregate concrete that can support significant pressure and stress. The finishing coat should be dense, resistant to chemicals, and durable. Choose an epoxy coating that offers grip to ensure traction as planes move in and out of the hangar.
Lighting is also an important consideration. The vastness of the space inside an aircraft hangar requires a good amount of light. You can create a lighting plan and double it. Install skylights so you can make use of natural light. Additionally, think about the accessibility and replacement of these lights.
Building an aircraft hangar requires careful planning and design. With these important considerations, it’ll serve as your guide in creating the ideal hangar that best suits your needs.