Energy Efficient Windows, Part II: Cost, Types and Frames

Anuj Srivastava
May 27, 2019
7 Minutes Read
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Energy efficient windows are available in various configurations. Ideally, you should select a product that matches the architectural style of your property, while providing effective insulation. There are now windows that reduce heat transfer by over 80% compared with conventional single-pane glass. This saves on both air conditioning and space heating, since heat transfer is reduced in both directions.

Energy Efficient Window Costs

High-performance windows offer energy savings in both homes or business, reducing utility bills. However, a window replacement requires a high initial investment, and the following are some factors that affect project costs:

  • Types: The are different window types to choose from, and this influences their price. Double hung windows are among the most popular.
  • Frames: There are several material options for window frames, which include vinyl, wood and fiberglass.
  • Amount replaced: The total cost for new windows will depend on the project scale. Consider that a larger project may have a lower cost per unit, due to volume discounts.
  • Performance level: Energy efficient windows come in various performance levels, and this influences their cost. New windows can have double or triple pane glass, an ENERGY STAR rating, gas insertions and special coatings, among other options.
  • Installation and labor cost: Qualified professionals are required to install new efficient windows, which guarantees proper installation and high performance. The average labor cost for window installation is US$38/hour.
  • Warranties: Ideally, energy efficient windows should come with a reliable warranty. This protects your investment, and should always be considered when buying new windows.

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Energy Efficient Windows: Main Concepts


Before discussing the different types of windows and frames, it is helpful to get familiarized with the terms used to describe them.

Glazing: This is simply the glass used by a window. It describes the number of glazing layers - single, double or triple. It is important to know that the number of layers is not the only factor that determines efficiency. Coatings and gas insertions are also important for window performance.

Low-E: This means low emissivity, which describes the reflectance of windows. In efficient windows, thin layers of a metallic substance are placed between glazing, which reflects heat instead of absorbing it or letting it through. Low-E coatings increase price by about 10%.

Gas FillsGas fills in windows are placed between glazing layers to improve insulation and reduce heat transfer. Argon and krypton are the most commonly used gases.

Spacers: Spacers are placed between glazing layers to improve insulation. Spacer materials and designs focus on preventing condensation and heat loss.

Window Types

There are a vast amount of windows in the market, some of the most common replacement home windows install in homes are the following.

Window Type


Avg. Price (US$)

Single Hung

One bottom sash that opens up or down


Double Hung

Upper and lower sash openings



Shaped to form an arc



Hinged on the top and open outward



Made from three or more windows that angle out beyond a wall



Folding windows that open either left or right



Rounded windows, can be full or half circle



State law installed windows that provide escape when other exits are blocked



Form decorative shelf spaces


Glass Block

Used to increased light in room while offering privacy



Have openings that tip down and outward



Windows with gaps similar to window blinds



Fixed rectangle windows



Windows located in ceilings



Windows that glide open



Specialized windows that block cold weathers and prevent heat loss


Transom Door

Decorative windows usually located above an entry doorway


Window types should be reviewed carefully before a purchase decision. Each window type has unique characteristics and features other than energy efficiency.

Window Frames

An energy efficient window will only achieve high performance if the frame itself is also efficient. Window frames are the structural backbone of windows, since they guarantee adequate operation.


The main types are described below:

Vinyl Window Frames

Vinyl windows are made of rigid and impact-resistant polyvinyl chloride (PVC). The PVC is extruded into straight shapes that are crafted into a window frames, which can be filled with insulation. These hollow spaces make them resistant to heat loss and condensation.


  • Versatile material
  • Affordable
  • Good insulators


  • Not the most durable option
  • Not as aesthetic as other materials
  • Not as strong, compared with other materials
  • Cannot be painted and darker shades may fade
  • Low quality vinyl windows are susceptible to warping in extreme heat

Aluminum Window Frames

These window frames are made from aluminum profiles that are insulated with a thermal break of extruded vinyl and foam, to reduce heat loss and condensation. Some finishes such as paint protect aluminum from corrosion. Their modern appearance makes them popular for sleek and modern building styles.


  • Strong
  • Low maintenance
  • No rotting or mold from weather exposure
  • Cheaper than wood frames


  • Reduced efficiency, since heat transfer is higher in metals
  • Expensive compared with vinyl or fiberglass frames

Fiberglass Window Frames

These window frames are made from extruded fiberglass sections, very similar to vinyl frames but less common. Since fiberglass has a similar composition to glass, both materials expand and contract together in response to temperature changes.


  • Durable
  • Excellent insulation
  • Resistant to corrosive air pollutants


  • Dull in appearance
  • Most expensive material

Wood Window Frames

Wooden frames are the most popular, due to their aesthetic, rustic and cozy appearance.


  • Durable when properly maintained
  • Effective insulators


  • Require maintenance
  • Expensive compared with vinyl frames
  • Can suffer severe expansion and contraction with moisture changes
  • Susceptible to rotting

Alternative Window Frame Materials

This section describes other window frame materials that are less common.

Wood-Cladded Window Frames

Wood-cladded frames combine the durability of another material with the insulation value of wood. These windows have wood on the inside and a tough exterior made from aluminum or vinyl. This provides protection against the weather, requiring less maintenance.

Composite Window Frames

Composite window frames are made from a mixture or wood by-products and plastic. They are similar to wood frames in appearance, they are effective insulators, and require low maintenance.

Steel Window Frames

Steel window frames are quite expensive, but more resistant to the elements than aluminum and wood frames. They are also a low-maintenance option.

Final Recommendations

Determine the pros and cons of each material and decide which is the best option for your project. Remember that the performance of window frames will also vary depending on the manufacturers and their design criteria.

A window upgrade can be the first step of an energy efficiency project, since it reduces both air conditioning and space heating costs. If a major renovation is being planned for the property, there is a good chance to improve both the appearance and performance of windows.


Tags : Energy Efficiency low e windows high performance windows triple pane windows energy efficient windows

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