Eradication of On-Site Combustion of Fuel : It can be achieved by replacement of gas and oil-fired equipment with electric powered units. The use of steam with Con Edison doesn’t resolve the problem. The reason behind that is the process of steam production is heavily carbon-based.
Reducing Carbon Footprint : It is essential for the power grid to ensure the reduction of the carbon footprint it has. Switching from heating that is combustion-based to heating that is done with electric equipment will eliminate these emissions especially if they come from clean power plants.
A significantly considerable barrier when it comes to electric heating in major states of the US is the high cost of electricity. A number of tenants do pay tariffs of more than 20 cents per kWh. In such a scenario there are a couple of complementary approaches which can assist in making electric heating more viable. One is increasing the equipment’s efficiency and the other one is reducing each kWh’s cost.
Adapting the Power Systems for Electrified Buildings : As we have previously mentioned that there is a very little advantage if architects make all facility systems electrical but the generation continues base on natural gas, diesel, and coal. Greener heating is only achievable when the source of power doesn’t generate any emissions. Some choices are solar arrays, wind turbines, and hydroelectricity.
Wind turbines and solar arrays recently have faced a lot of criticism due to their varying energy output, but you can solve it if you connect them with energy storage. This approach is mainstreaming in recent years because it is also becoming cheaper. For instance, in Australia, a number of large corporations are choosing a combination of storage energy and renewable sources. The reason behind that is this method provides much cheaper electricity as compared to the local grid that heavily relies on gas and coal.
The modern grids experience highest annual demand in summer days because of high temperatures because AC equipment is electrical in most cases. In the winters the demand is not the same because the heating systems rely more on combustion. This behavior can be reversed with the help of building electrification because by doing so demand peaks can take place on cold winter nights.
The structure of the power grid can also experience a slight modification, from centralized to distributed generation from the power plants. This will be very effective for small scale renewable systems as well as energy storage. Distributed electric systems can assist in reducing the overall operating cost of these power grids, and can also help in reducing the distribution and transmission burden by keeping consumption and generation closer to each other.